GrammarI. Read the following sentences.
1. ‘Someone has stolen my beautiful tomato!’
2. ‘I am going to take my chickens to the district exhibition.’
3. ‘Why don’t you take your big tomato to the exhibition?’
4. ‘How did my tomato get here?’
The words has, am, do, did in these sentences are not main verbs. They support the main verbs (stolen, going, take and get) that follow them. These are called helping verbs or auxiliary verbs. The auxiliary verb, ‘do’ and its other forms (does, did and done) appear only in questions and negative sentences. But sometimes the words like ‘do,’ ‘be (is, am, are, was, were)’ may appear in sentences as main verbs as well.
You are lazy.
Rajesh is a boy.
I did it.
She does something wrong.
Radha has done her work.
I am a singer.
They were waiting for the bus.
Read the following sentences and underline auxiliaries.
1. I am working as a teacher.
2. He is a player. He is playing cricket.
3. Aruna is a doctor. She is wearing a white coat.
4. Raju is a writer. He is writing a story.
5. Raghu was doing his homework, when his father came.
6. We were writing our exam at 2 p.m. yesterday.
7. It has rained in the morning.
8. I have completed my breakfast.
Complete the following sentences using the choices given below.
1. The exhibition ______________ packed with audience. (am/ is/ are)
2. I _______________________ suffering from fever. (is/ am/ are)
3. The cattle _________________ grazing in the field. (am/ is/ are)
4. We __________________ watching TV at 9 p.m. (are/ was/ is)
5. The trees _____________ created a beautiful scene. (has/ have/ are)